Water and Wells

Water is a significant and ongoing problem for much of Tabora Region, and climate change is making it worse. Crop yields and people's health are both affected.

Poor quality drinking water is a major cause of diarrhoea, the second most common ailment after malaria, and the cause of death of an estimated 30,000 children each year in Tanzania.

In developed countries we think nothing of turning on a tap for an apparently endless supply of high quality water.

People in rural Tanzania have no such luxury. A significant part of each day can be spent collecting water, often of poor quality, for cooking, washing and for small livestock to drink. An hour's walk each way is not uncommon.

Three methods of collecting water are possible and FUM uses all of them, depending on the local situation and funds available.

Focus on Water

FUM has launched a major fundraising attempt to provide all our clinics and FDCs with a reliable source of good quality water. The importance of such provision cannot be overstated but climate change means that many shallow wells are becoming unreliable.

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Shallow Wells

In most rural villages the main source of water is from a local shallow well but these are becoming increasingly unreliable.

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Rainwater Harvesting

Here a building with a corrugated metal roof has the rainwater directed via the gutters and downpipe into a tank for storage.

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The ultimate solution for many water supply problems in rural areas is a deep borehole, but each costs up to £12,000. And in some areas the underground water table has fallen significantly so the success rate is much reduced.

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